My Western States Training and Strategy for 2011

Western States 100 logoOn Saturday, I’ll start my fourth Western States 100. For me, each one is very different, and not just in the details of how they played out. No, there have been big differences going into each of them as no training season is identical. Below, I’ll take a look at my previous years’ Western States training, my training this year, and my strategies for taking on this year’s race.

Past Western States Training
During each of my previous three runs (’04-’06), I was working full-time while going to law school. Still, my training varied greatly.

In ’04, I was writing my scholarly article to get onto law review, so my training was catch as catch can. Most weeks, I ran three to four times with the weekday runs often coming late at night. (We’re talking starting between 11 p.m. and 1 a.m.)

By 2006, I was wrapping up law school, and both my course work and my familiarity with the process of that work made training much easier. I was able crank out seven straight weeks above 75 mpw and another two above 95 mpw shortly thereafter.

It’s worth contrasting 2004 and 2006 quantitatively for the 22 weeks prior to my WS taper each year. During that period in 2004, I averaged 41.1 miles per week on 72 runs before running 21:50 on the fire course in my 100 mile debut. (Yes, you CAN run a 100 miler on low mileage.) In 2006, I averaged 63.5 miles per week on 112 runs during the same period. Despite the awesome training, the brutal heat and newly reinstituted Duncan Canyon course crushed me. I ran 22:11.

Although I finished 21st and won the under 30 age group in both 2005 and 2006, I’m confident that my 2005 race was a better effort. That year I ran 19:30… despite being off course for 15-20 minutes. For that same 22 week training period in 2005, I ran an average of 54.9 miles per week on 106 runs.

In both 2005 and 2006, I had the pleasure and advantage of spending a month and a half living and running at 7,000′ in Park City, Utah prior to race day. This year, I have the advantage of 8 months of living at 7,200′, although a veeery long winter kept me off the trails until two months ago.

This Year’s Training
This year’s training story actually starts back in November 2009. You see, I already had a guaranteed spot in this year’s Western States 100, so I decided to get started training as soon as I got settled into my new life in California. Three overly enthusiastic 70 mile weeks on my new very hill home terrain and I had a bout of plantar fasciitis that greatly limited my training through April 2010.

Even once I was healthy, my training (and training grounds) remained uninspired. I was out of shape and had no goal on the near term horizon. I ran 40 miles per week (and it was on the dot) exactly once from April through August 2010. I never ran long. Not once.

… and then I covered UTMB. I may have only run once during my week in the Alps, but the mountain, the race, the people, they all inspired me. I came home and started training consistently once again. Aside from the week I ran my Western States qualifier at the Dick Collins Firetrails 50 mile, most of my weeks were still in the 25-40 mile range through the end of the year. However, I reestablished my running habit by getting out there nearly every day, even while packing up and making the move to Park City. Arriving in PC at the outset of November with a month left of snow-free trails gave my training another boost.

That solid, if slightly behind my preferred 100 mile training, continued until mid-January, when I decided to make a “final two week push” on Relentless Forward Progress. Eight weeks and a whooping 229 miles later (that’s 28.6 mpw, folks), I was done editing the book and returned to real training. Over the next 13 week “season” I ran 647.5 miles or 49.8 mpw. Not great compared to 2005 and 2006, but it felt like real running with the latter half of that being nearly all trail running. After all was said and done, during my comparable 22 week pre-taper period this year I averaged 41.2 mpw on 104 runs. That’s almost exactly the mileage I did in 2004, but on many more runs, meaning a much lower miles/run average. Indeed, I’ve only logged seven runs of 20 miles or longer this year as opposed to 10 in 2004.

I did get in one additional training week of 57 miles during what would normally be my taper. This past week, I’ve also spent some time working on hiking up and running down steep trails with the latter being to help build some last minute eccentric quad strength for WS’s 22,000′ of descent. In 2004, I had to walk down some of the final descents although I could still run the flats and inclines.

Oh, one last bit of training. I’ve now been to a dry sauna each of the past six days and will go once or twice more (Monday and maybe Tuesday). It’s been a long winter and a cool spring up here in Park City. Seventy and sunny still feels quite warm to me. Good thing I had a heat acclimation article to reference.

Below is a snapshot of this year’s training. (Figures are in miles.) You can also take a closer look on at my training on Garmin Connect.

Bryon Powell Western States 100 2011 training

My 2011 Western States 100 training. (Pink indicates a run of 20+ miles. Yellow indicates a double.)

More than any previous year, I modified my lifestyle ahead of WS and UTMB.

To start, I’ve had all of five adult beverages this year, partially in an attempt to reduce unnecessary calories, but mostly to prevent myself from being a dumbass. Definitely no runs lost or limited due to a hangover this year.

While I can’t remember exactly when it started, a month or two ago I made a shift away from a very simple-carb-centric diet (mostly as pasta and bread) to fewer simple carbs and a great deal more fruit and veggies. I also added some nuts and other foods that are more satiating. They helped. This was less a general health move and more of a move to trim up more quickly. In times when I’m running higher mileage like in 2005 or 2006, I don’t worry about my diet as nearly all of my extra weight melts away with the miles. Given my extremely low mileage last year and my two month break in training late this winter, I knew that I wouldn’t increase my training mileage to the point that it’d do the hard work for me. This time, I would need exercise some self-discipline.  I’m not sure of my weight or body fat changes, but I feel lighter and more trim.

Ah, caffeine. Since I moved to Park City… and really before that, I’ve massively cut down on my caffeine consumption as I feel it’s linked to my heart arrhythmia. There were long stretches when I’d have just one caffeinated beverage over the course of a couple weeks. In the past two plus months, I’ve moved back to maybe having a full-strength cuppa joe when I hit my coffeeshop hangout. With much better sleep and lower stress after finishing the book, this low-key reintroduction of caffeine has had no ill effects. Still, a week ago I cut out caffeine so that it’ll have a greater effect on my system at Western States. I hope that doesn’t backfire!

Then there’s strength and flexibility. I have neither and rarely incorporate attempts to correct that into my life, hence my decision to include this subject under lifestyle rather than training. For the past two months (I think), I’ve been aiming to do three sets of 20 pushups a day. That’s not a ton and I rarely do them all, but I feel much stronger in my core and in general. Oh, and for the past three weeks I’ve been trying to remember to run with a handheld water bottle (never drinking from it) to prepare my arms and shoulders for the task. This spring, the lowest sections on both Achilles tendons have been routinely uncomfortable, especially when running. About two weeks ago, I restarted my rehab exercises and both are noticeably better, although the right one still causes me worry heading into Western States.

Western States Strategies
Here are some of my strategies for Western States this year. While some are generic, they’re all ones that I’ll be focused on this Saturday and Sunday.

Run Like It’s an Easy Training Run – I ran the 2009 Leadville 100 like this and was running like it was a training run through mile 75. That means never pushing the effort. Given my fitness, I’ll have my best possible race by maximizing the distance down the course I make it before running is only a token gesture. If I’m 70th at Foresthill and 50th at the finish,* it’ll have been a good day.

(* Note: Places are representative only.)

Eat Like Joey Chestnut – Ok, so I might not be eating 45 GUs while climbing the Escarpment, but I will be eating a GU on the half hour every half hour until I move that down to 25 or even 20 minute intervals. With one long run all of last year and few this year, I’ll guess that my fat burning capacity is down, which means I need even more carbohydrate fueling to keep the fires burning. I’ll likely drink sports drink for most of the race before switching flat Coke (jet fuel) for the final 10 or 15 miles.

Go Light – I’ve got no plans to go full-on minimalist, but I’ll take an even closer look at what I’m carrying than usual. Given that the race is providing GUs, my preferred energy gel, at the aid stations, I’ll carry much less food on course. I hope to fit everything I need to carry into one small waist pocket.

My big gamble is my plan to carry less water than any previous year. I’ve carried as many as three 26 ounce bottles (78 ounces) for long periods in each of my previous Western States. I’m not running with 4.7 pounds of water this year. Screw that. It’ll be rare that I’ll go more than 1:15 between aid stations until nightfall. If I’m lucky, I’ll be able to absorb 30 ounces hour, including what I drink at aid stations, which will be as much as possible. In past years, I’d pour some of my carried water on me for cooling, so I’ll be better about doing this at aid stations and in water along the course. I plan on carrying two 26 ounce water bottles or even less.

Don’t Fight the Snow – I won’t fight the snow, because the snow will always win. I will go with the flow on the snow. I will observe and learn what strides and tactics are efficient and which are not. I’ll stick to the former and avoid the latter.

Don’t Fight Gravity – Even with some last minute training, I don’t have the amount of downhill training I’d like… or, at least, that I’d feel comfortable with. That means being extra smooth on descents whether that easing up on the pace or bombing down a steep descent. Whatever it takes.

Have Fun – A couple of friends have reminded me to have fun and they’re so right. Mental state plays so large a part of running such long distances. I can’t run on the razors edge for very long in such races, so levity, peace, and enjoyment are the mental approach I opt for… for the most part. In doing sauna sessions this past week, I find I can stay in the heat much more easily if I’m distracted (talking or reading) or in a good mental place than when I’m unhappy or annoyed. Surely, the same lesson applies to ultras. [Added 6/20 11 a.m.]

Call for Comments
That’s it for me. Feel free to ask questions about my training this year or for previous Western States. Also, comment away on my strategies for this year.

All things considered, I’m looking at this year’s Western States as my chance to think my way to success, as my training isn’t what’s going to do it.

There are 42 comments

  1. Adrian

    I think you have things well in hand, Byron. Whether your training is good or bad (it doesn't sound that bad to me), it's over now. You've done all that you can do. I think you're ready to tackle this with an open mind and to be open to what the land and your body is telling you, and to change tactics if needed.

    Good luck, have fun, keep focused and tell us how it goes!

  2. Kate

    So… my first thought was that I really like your spreadsheet! I am going to do some updating of mine :)

    Good luck on WS!

  3. Rob T

    Very jealous of you being able to do so well on so little miles! I'm a fairly beginner runner and my body doesn't seem to want to let me get over a 50mile week. I've been averaging about 40 miles a week since January, and wouldn't even be comfortable FINISHING a 50miler!

    1. Bryon Powell

      You'd be surprised, Rob. Running the longer ultras (50+ miles) requires a shift in mindset. Unless you're elite and racing from "go," it requires one to focus on taking care of himself or herself and conserving strength for later in the race.

  4. Moogy

    All the best Bryon. Will definitely be watching the webcast for your status. I have a feeling that you are going to surprise yourself. Thanx for all the pre-race interviews. Kick ass!!

  5. Ric Moxley

    Yeah, i was thinking the same thing — that the spreadsheet rocks. Say, you wouldn't mind posting a blank version of that with your formulas, would you? I'm a fan of too, but the spreadsheet looks a might useful.

    looking forward to following your WS training progress and results! :)

  6. Tony Mollica

    Good luck Bryon! Most of all have fun and soak up the experience of running that great race with all of those fantastic runners!

    I got a good laugh at your second reason for cutting down on drinking. I haven't had a drink in almost three years. The empty calories was my main reason; but the second reason was in there too. If I'm going to indulge in empty calories I'd rather have the taste of a jelly donut. I'm on the heavy side for a runner (185-190) and I love to eat. So any help I can get on the empty calories is a plus. I will have a drink someday, just not today.

    How did you decide to do a Gel every half hour. The package says every 45 minutes (Although most people using the product are obviously not going 100 miles.) I am just curious; not questioning your strategy. I have never gone farther than 50 miles.

    1. Bryon Powell


      I think I started at a gel every 45 minutes per instructions, but I think some also say every 30-45 minutes. I found I could tolerate them and I aim for 300+ calories per hour in ultras, so this is an easy way to get those calories in. I've done gels every 30 minutes for nearly 20 hours straight with only a couple watermelon cubes and a pack or two of Shot Bloks at Leadville in '09. I did puke, twice, but so did everyone else on that sneaky hot day.

  7. John

    Good Luck Bryon. It sounds like you were really able to step up the training the last few weeks. I'm sure that coupled with your experience at the 100 mile distance will get you through the race. Thanks for the all the coverage too. Come Saturday I'll be focused on the web, hitting the refresh button, waiting for all of the updates to come in. Have a great race!

  8. Brad G.

    Thanks for sharing this Bryon. Good luck with the taper and have a great run next weekend. Forgive me if you have explained this before but I am curious what type of arrhythmia you have. I have had some experience with PVCs which are unnerving but apparently harmless. They have on occasion made me question my choice to run.



        1. Bev

          I also have a bit of a mild heart problem, it kind of gets confused some times.

          A great tip that works well and came from my dad's heart DR is to do a good hard cough. It resets or gets it back to its normal rythem.

          Good luck on you run, you look well prepared!

  9. Louisville Trail Run

    Good luck, Bryon! I think your strategy is well thought out and I think you'll do really well. I'm also heartened to see the kind of results you can get without running up some crazy mileage every week. It gives me hope that I can complete a 100-miler next year after my "year of living surgically" in 2010. Kick ass this weekend!

  10. runtrap

    Wow! A gel every half hour? I just finished a three-day race and my stomach was torn up taking only 3-4 a day. I need to practice keeping a large volume of gels down, but I am going to try to work in more "real food" during future races. I do agree on flattened-Coke being jet fuel.

    And, to echo some of the other comments, I will be updating my running log to look more like your spreadsheet. That is a fantastic way to look at weekly training.

    1. runtrap

      And I am not questioning your frequency of gel intake, by the way. I wish I could handle that many; gels are much easier to carry than food.

      Also, I meant to add a good luck at WS in there.

    2. Bryon Powell

      Yup, every half hour or even more frequent. After a while it does suck, but it works for me. I'm particularly psyched that race will have my favorite gels so I will never have to carry more than four or so.

      Glad you like my spreadsheet. :-) I'll try posting it or sending it around or something.

      1. olga

        I take a gel every 25 min first 6 hrs, then every 20 min on. Did gels only for 23 hrs at OD100. Powergels are the only one I never puked on, never was unable to take in, and never got tired of (I do alternate the flavors).

        Good luck, Bryon!

      2. Jim Skaggs

        Bryon, I've done the gel thing for the past few races, including Poc 50, faithfully every 30 minutes. Kept me evenly fueled the entire time. The only problem is that my stomach is still telling me that I'm hungry, so a little something at the occasional aid station to satisfy that and I was good. See you Thursday. I'll have a beer waiting for you at the finish.

  11. Tina

    Great to read the comparisons of this years training and previous years. Your training this year sounds solid and you have a great mental outlook. I think you'll do excellent!!

    We have some Boise Idaho runners going to WS this year. I'll be cheering them and you on from a far! :)

    Have a great race, Bryon! And enjoy, enjoy!!

  12. grae

    Good attitude about the snow "running". I think it unnerves a lot of people who never run on it. Best to take our time and not be totally worked by the time we get past the snow line. It also helps to accept the fact that there will be a lot of sliding and falling. You just have to go with the flow.

  13. DCraig Young

    Great outlook. As usual thanks for the insight for the rest of us. Do yourself good, and keep going. Hope to see a smile and focus at Forest Hill!


    PS. Unlike yours, the miles on my spreadsheet (sure only in Week 4!) look exactly like those in some book I recently read. OK, I shouldn't take everything so literally. :) You've got this, in spades. Go…

  14. Andy

    Bit of a random question Bryon. You mentioned heart arrhythmia. What's your history/experience been and how's it impacted running?

    A couple years ago I started having random heart racing which felt mostly like my heart beat got "off track" and the only solution was to stop until it settled down and "retracked." Cardiologist and testing revealed nothing. Over the past couple yrs my much increased fitness level has helped tremendously but I've also cut way down on my caffeine too over the past couple months.

  15. Steve B

    I'll be sporting #96 for the second year in a row and your thoughts on the snow, gels, attitude, and just about everything in between mirror my mental check list to a T. I just have to add in one more, keep the feet in one piece. All day in wet, cold shoes did a number on me last year. Good luck, let's have the time of our lives, and we'll see you in Auburn.

  16. Matt P

    Hi, Bryon,

    Are you going to use a heart rate monitor? Probably not, given your minimalist approach, but just wondering how you judge pace/effort–also, it would be interesting to see those numbers! I didn't use a monitor in my first 100 miler earlier this year, and I did well on the advice of starting out at a pace "as slow as you can stand." But after finishing, I'm wondering how much faster than that I could push it and survive. Run at 65% of max? 70%? What do you think?

    1. Bryon Powell

      I do wear a heart rate monitor for almost all my ultras. For a 100 miler, I'll generally stick to 150 bpm or 75% or so of max, but I don't know what max is. I just go off what's worked for me in the past.

      BTW, I wouldn't consider myself minimalist, I just try carefully consider what I actually need.

  17. Bart Smith

    Great information Bryon. Thanks for sharing. Good luck tomorrow. We will thinking about you and all the other bravehearts stepping up to the line. All of you will running through one of the most special places earth.

  18. Nick Sherrell

    Hey, Great job yesterday Bryon! That was inspirational and @MeghanHicks did a good job covering the race as well! I recently got into the ultrarunning scene after becoming a runner last June going into my senior year of high school. I was forced to hurdle during track season due to no one else being able to and as soon as the season was over, I couldn't wait to get my mileage back up. Only 2 weeks later I ran 52 miles off of hurdle training in 7:23. It was a flat course but I'm hoping to get into the sport more and hopefully even run Western States next year. I was wondering, how fast should long distance training runs be run at? Or any run at all for that matter. I feel like I always tend to push myself too hard in every run, afraid the training isn't good enough on my 10 milers, etc.

    Thanks, and awesome job again!

  19. Ryan

    This was a great article. Especially after just finishing your book. This would have made a great chapter. Thanks for the data.

  20. Arrhythmia cure


    you should do some tests to see what causes your arrhythmia. It could be benign, but could also be caused be a heart deformation.

    I've lived happily with my arrhythmia for almost a decade before deciding to treat it. Doctors didn't have much success. None of three drugs prescribed had worked for me. In the end I managed to defeat it by simply removing certain foods and drinks from my diet.

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